Steel has been a reliable building material for ages. Its strength and durability meet the building standards for all types of structures, including residential, commercial spaces, and high-rise buildings.
This alloy of iron and carbon has only been perfected within the last hundred years, and it has become one of the top building material choices, along with concrete and wood. Due to its integrity, it’s often used for the structural framing of skyscrapers.
To dig deeper, here are five compelling reasons that make steel an excellent building material.
1.Earthquake And Wind Resistance
Steel is known for its tensile strength. Tensile strength pertains to the capacity of a structure to withstand tension and pressure often caused by earthquakes, typhoons, and other extreme conditions.
Steel makes a more earthquake-resilient structure compared with other building materials. It’s a light and pliable material that bends before breaking when absorbing high tension from seismic waves. This is why the material is the best option for tall structures.
Aside from high buildings, steel is an excellent material for houses to keep your family safe during earthquakes and intense hurricanes. You’ll be worry-free about the damage that these disasters often cause on wooden houses.
If you’re interested in building an earthquake and typhoon-proof house, you may check out World Wide Steel Buildings or other steel building companies that offer the best quality and cost-effective steel building kits worldwide.
2. Suitability For Buildings With Complex Architectural Designs
Steel is a suitable building material for buildings with complex architectural designs. Since it can be customized to fit various structural plans, it’s the best material to form the unconventional shapes of modern facilities and even bridges.
For modern industrial homes, steel is used for the overall structural framing, both for strength and aesthetics. Since the columns and beams don’t take up much space compared with reinforced concrete, they can easily blend in with other elements, like glass and wood. Plus, the material defines the straight edges of the exterior, making the house look sleek.
Moreover, steel is a highly flexible material suitable for buildings with curves, spirals, and other irregular shapes. It can be molded and manufactured according to the building plans as approved by the architect and structural engineer. It provides endless possibilities in terms of design without compromising the structural integrity of the building and people’s safety.
3. High Durability
In terms of durability, steel is known as one of the most rigid building materials that withstands time. Steel structures can sustain their strength and look, with little to no repairs needed for an extended period through proper planning.
Steel’s load-bearing capacity depends on its size and thickness. While there are different types of steel beams readily available in the market, contractors can go straight to the manufacturer to mold and customize beams to fit the structural standards.
Aside from being used on its own, steel acts as reinforcement for concrete structures. Reinforced concrete is the common choice for residential and commercial buildings for places with a lower steel supply.
For concrete structures, beams and columns are made with steel rebars of specific thickness covered with concrete mixture through a mold. Concrete and steel work together to toughen the structure. While steel prevents concrete from breaking caused by high tension and impact, concrete protects the steel from heat during a fire.
4. Lighter Weight And Safety
One of the reasons steel is used for high-rise buildings is its weight. It’s lighter than precast concrete, and it outperforms in terms of ductility. This makes steel one of the safest building materials for earthquake-prone areas.
Lighter structures tend to be more resilient to tension compared with heavier ones. Steel can dissipate seismic waves efficiently throughout the structure, reducing the pressure that causes breakage to other materials like concrete.
Furthermore, since steel is lightweight, it can sway with the plate movements and strong winds while staying in place. A strong foundation and lighter mass on the upper part of a building can minimize the damage.
Steel is also a top choice for building warehouses and other industrial buildings that need an open large space. It eliminates the need for columns in the interior, keeping the area unobstructed.
5. Faster Construction And Cost-Efficiency
Steel beams are often customized in factories for quick and easy on-site assembly. This process can lessen the construction cost.
During manufacturing, steel is already undergoing a thorough quality check. The detailed strength test eases the worries of contractors and engineers during the building process. These customized steel beams can easily be bolted on site with pre-made holes for joinery. This process minimizes the need for cutting and welding on site that slows down the construction.
Moreover, prefabricated steel buildings can be delivered and assembled within a few days, depending on their size. Constructing prefab steel buildings is faster and less expensive than conventional construction methods.
Steel is an excellent building material for its strength, durability, aesthetic appeal, and cost-effectiveness. However, note that every steel structure needs to be well-planned and designed to maximize all these benefits.